About four thousand years B.C., on the banks of the Nile River existed one of the most powerful and most advanced civilisations at the time — ancient Egypt. It was here that one of the first solar calendars appeared and subsequently became widespread. Egyptian life was based on agriculture in the lower Nile valley and was linked to its seasonal cycles. The cycle was divided into three periods – flooding, channelling (the sowing season), and shallowing (the harvest season), thereby dividing the calendar into seasons of four months each. The Egyptians believed that the Nile flood was caused by the appearance of Sirius, the brightest star in the sky. The eye of Horus is an ancient Egyptian symbol, it was considered a talisman that could protect a person from trouble, illness, negative thoughts, and envy.
This symbol retains its magical meaning to this day. For many people today it is still invokes the secret mysticism of ancient Egypt. This sign is also called wedjat eye, which is translates from the ancient Egyptian as the “eye that protects.”